Second generation anticonvulsants medications are generally better tolerated and have a wide therapeutic range than classic anticonvulsant medications. The choice of medicines is guided by the type of severity seizure problems.
First line treatment or therapy for focus seizures such as: lamotrigine or levetiracetam, while valproate type of therapy is widely used for generalized seizures. While all anticonvulsant medications have dose dependent side effects on the central nervous system.
Anticonvulsants medications are also widely used for pain management (carbamazepine or gabapentin) and as mood stabilizers in bipolar disorders (valproate).
An anticonvulsant drugs are recognized as mood stabilizers to treat or prevent mood episodes in bipolar disorder. At first, anticonvulsants were recommend only for patient who did not respond to lithium. Today, they are often recommend alone, with lithium, or with an antipsychotic medicines to control or manage mania.
Anticonvulsants medication functions by calming hyperactivity in the brain in various ways. For this reason, some of these medication are used to cure or solve the problem or diseases epilepsy, prevent migraines, and treat other brain major or minor disorders.
They are often recommend for patient who have fast cycling – four or more episodes of mania and depression in a year.